To celebrate St.Valentim’s Day we bring the most romantic side of architecture. The icon of the romantic style is the Neuschwanstein Castel, a building that you must certainly visit with your loved one!
The Neuschwanstein Castel, in German Schloss Neuschwanstein, is a palace built in the second half of the 19th century, in Germany. Situated close to the cities of Hohenschwangau (the city that gave the castle its first name, called Neuschwanstein after the king’s death) and Füssen, it is very close to the border with Austria. Built by King Louis II of Bavaria, it is inspired by the work of the composer Richard Wagner, a great friend and protégé of the king. The name of the castle is a reference to Lohengrin’s “Swan Knight” (from the opera with the same name).
The castle’s architecture has made it one of the most photographed buildings in Germany and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. In 1977, Neuschwanstein Castle became an architectural landmark in West Germany and, in 2012, it appeared on the € 2 commemorative coin for the German Bundesländer series.
The building’s first stone was laid on September 5, 1869. The palace was designed by Christian Jank, designer of theatrical settings.
The architectural part was designed by the architect of the Court of Munich, Eduard Riedel and later Georg Dollman and Leo Von Klenze. This castle was equipped with the most modern technology of the time, such as steam and electric devices, ventilation and heating pipes.
Neuschwanstein Castel consists of a gatehouse, a pergola, the knights’ house, a square tower, the main building, a citadel and three towers on the far west. The king’s interest and enthusiasm for this enterprise are evident in every detail of the castle, from design to decoration. The interior rooms of the main building contain the throne room, the suite of Louis II, the Hall of the singers and a cave that once had a waterfall inside. In many places, we can find tributes to several German legends that were addressed in the operas of Richard Wanger.
However, despite the king’s efforts many of the castle’s rooms remain undecorated, only fourteen divisions were completed before Louis II’s death. Another unfinished structure, a Tower that would be placed in the middle of the upper courtyard and that after his death was not built, as decided by his family.
The throne room was also unfinished and without a throne. The castle also has an oratory, which can be accessed from the dressing room of the master suite, a fully equipped kitchen with hot and cold running water and a heated closet, accommodation for the servants, an office and a dining room.
Source of Inspiration
Neuschwanstein Castel was originally designed in the neo-Gothic style, however, it was built following the lines of the romantic style. This is a true fairytale castle that inspired and was the setting for many films and series. Sleeping Beauty and Cinderella Castle at Disneyland were inspired by Neuschwanstein Castle and today are a symbol of Walt Disney.
The Castle has been open to the public since 1886, having opened a few weeks after the death of Louis II. It currently receives around ten thousand visitors a day, in the high season, reaching more than one million and four hundred thousand visits per year.
The Pena Palace, in Sintra (Portugal), is contemporary with this castle and is often referred to as the “Portuguese Neuschwanstein”.