In an era where technology increasingly assumes an important role in our daily lives, smart architecture and design could not be left out of this evolution. By combining technology with architecture, we can create a symbiotic relationship in which the best of both worlds come together and live in perfect harmony. The concept of architecture is well known and old, the same is not true of the concept of the Internet of Things (IoT).
This concept is quite recent and as its name implies, it is the interconnection of objects through the internet network. This phenomenon has simplified the lives of users and created user-friendly objects.
In the early 1990s, Japanese and American architects and engineers saw smart buildings as a way to solve structural problems, such as earthquake resistance. These systems were controlled by computers and were built with conventional materials such as concrete.
In Europe (more precisely in Paris), in the 90s, a building (Institut du Mond Arabe by Jean Nouvel) was created with a facade similar to a camera lens, with a large number of openings designed to open and close alone for whether or not to allow sunlight to enter, as needed.
Another example of intelligent architecture is the creation of facades that use green technology to help reduce carbon monoxide emissions and pollution. Reducing energy waste is a priority, so creating smart grids is of the highest importance in building construction today.
However, smart buildings go far beyond energy-saving buildings that contribute to sustainability goals. Intelligent buildings also bring together automated systems, intelligent building management systems, wireless technologies and digital infrastructures, devices connected to an information and communication network, assistive technologies and remote monitoring.
Intelligent buildings through the use of technologies and IoT intend to take advantage of the natural resources of the regions where they are located, is architecturally designed to be self-sustainable and, of course, to maintain an aesthetic appeal to the eye.
There is much to say about smart buildings the Internet of things. However, the ultimate purpose of an intelligent building is to provide its users with comfort, security and savings in both monetary and maintenance and energy costs.